China has a long history of encouraging birth control and family planning. However, by the late 70s, China's population was quickly approaching the 1 billion mark, and the Chinese government was forced to give serious consideration to curbing the population growth rate.
Policy jurisdiction[ edit ] The Ministry of Environmental Protection MEPformerly the State Environmental Protection Administration SEPAis a cabinet-level ministry in the executive branch of the Chinese Government that is responsible for implementing environmental policies, as well as the enforcement of environmental laws and regulations.
Directly under the State Councilit is empowered and required by law to implement environmental policies and enforce environmental laws and regulations. Complementing its regulatory role, it funds and organizes research and development.
They carry out regulatory tasks in different areas and make sure that the agency is functioning accordingly. Sincethere have been five regional centers to help with local inspections and enforcement.
The next year, the Environmental Protection Leadership Group was established. Inthe Chinese government announced that environmental protection would become a state policy. InChina went through a disastrous year of serious flooding, and the Chinese government upgraded the Leading Group to a ministry-level agency, which then became the State Environmental Protection Administration.
Subsidies for some polluting industries were cancelled, while other polluting industries were shut down. However, many internal environmental targets were missed.
They found it difficult to accept this. The protesters initially succeeded in halting the project, worth 3.
Another town was selected for the location of the plant, but when the residents in the second location also resisted the authorities returned to Yinggehai. A second round of protests occurred in October and police clashed with protester, leading to 50 arrests and almost injuries.
Sixteen of the protesters were sentenced to between twelve and eighteen months in prison; however, thirteen were granted a reprieve on the grounds that they had confessed and repented.
Northern China will receive particular attention, as the government aims to reduce air emissions by 25 percent bycompared with levels. The new law empowers environmental enforcement agencies with great punitive power, defines areas which require extra protection, and gives independent environmental groups more ability to operate in the country.
The bill is the first revision to the environmental protection law since Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
Companies that break the law will be "named and shamed", with company executives subject to prison sentences of 15 days. There will be no upper limit on fines; previously, it was often cheaper for companies to pay the meager fines provisioned by the law than install anti-pollution measures.
In all, the new law has 70 provisions, compared to the 47 of the existing law. Regions will no longer be judged solely on their economic progress, but instead must balance progress with environmental protection.
Additionally, local governments will be required to disclose environmental information to the public. Individuals are encouraged to "adopt a low-carbon and frugal lifestyle and perform environmental protection duties" such as recycling their garbage under the law.
However, the quality of water environment in China is still not promising.The one-child policy was a policy implemented by the Chinese government as a method of controlling the population, mandating that the vast majority of couples in the country could only have one child.
Environmental Issues. However, it has been torn apart by critics over its harmful environmental effects, which they believe far outweigh any benefits to the economy. Share. The Economy Vs. Environment Debate This can be seen in the form of environmental issues in China, which threaten to wreak havoc on one of the .
Public Policy Problems In The Environment - Public policy is defined by Webster’s as the “The basic policy or set of policies forming the foundation of public laws, especially such policy not yet formally enunciated.” The United States Government has many policies in the area of the environment.
In a landmark decision last month, China reversed its one-child policy and allowed married couples to have two children for the first time in 30 years. The move was spurred by the failure of.
on the influences and effects of social and gender inequalities on environmental health risks. chapters present interventions on child-related environmental inequalities and social inequalities in 4 Further information and policy brief on environmental and gender inequalities available from the WHO.
Topic: Environmental policy and air pollution Topic: My research agenda will focus on the reduction of air pollution which is carried out by making environment policies from both US federal government and Texas state government level.