The title page will include the following: Title of the report: Usually words in length.
May 3, Category: A strong Discussion section provides a great deal of analytical depth. Your goal should be to critically analyze and interpret the findings of your study.
You should place your findings in the context of published literature and describe how your study moves the field forward. It is often easy to organize the key elements of a Discussion section into distinct paragraphs or groups of paragraphs.
Summarize the major gap in understanding that your work is attempting to fill. What was the overarching hypothesis? In the first few sentences of the Discussion, state the main problem that you were trying to address.
Although this should relate to the information that you provided in the Introduction, this paragraph should not repeat statements that have already been made.
Why is filling this gap important? How will answering this question move the field forward?
After identifying the problem, state the main reason that this study was needed. Describe how answering this specific research question will make a significant contribution to your field. EGFR-overexpressing cancers are highly aggressive and have a higher tendency to metastasize.
Currently, available drugs specifically target the EGFR and elicit high response rates. However, the majority of patients eventually develop progressive disease. The mechanisms through which cancers escape EGFR-targeted therapies remain unclear.
Identification of specific molecules that mediate resistance to EGFR-directed treatments will facilitate the development of novel therapies and may improve responses to currently available therapies. This paragraph provides a critical analysis of your major finding s. What was your overall approach for studying the gap?
In one or two sentences, state the main models or strategies that you used to study this specific research question. This should recapitulate whether the work included animals, cell culture, human subjects, or other novel techniques. Some investigators prefer to place this section at the end of the first paragraph.
This decision may vary depending on the specific study.
What was the most important result of your study? The focus of this paragraph is to highlight the most important contribution that your study has made.
Explicitly state this result. Additional findings major and minor can be described in subsequent paragraphs. Do not repeat detailed results that can be found in the Results section. In general, specific figure numbers do not need to be re-stated in the Discussion unless you feel that doing so would substantially enhance your argument or discussion point.
A schematic of your proposed mechanism or model can often be helpful for clearly and concisely summarizing your major result s. How does your result s fit with existing literature?In logic, we often refer to the two broad methods of reasoning as the deductive and inductive approaches..
Deductive reasoning works from the more general to the more specific. Sometimes this is informally called a "top-down" approach. A major part of any writing assignment consists of re-writing. Write accurately. Scientific writing must be accurate.
Although writing instructors may tell you not to use the same word twice in a sentence, it's okay for scientific writing, which must be accurate. About ICMJE. The ICMJE is a small group of general medical journal editors and representatives of selected related organizations working together to improve the quality of .
From practical advice on grammar to tips, tricks, and common pitfalls when co-authoring papers, Write it Up is an absolute must-have for any scientific or academic seeking to build their reputation through published journal articles.
7 steps to publishing in a scientific journal Before you hit “submit,” here’s a checklist (and pitfalls to avoid) By Aijaz A. Shaikh Posted on 4 April Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.