Historical context[ edit ] Set on the prosperous Long Island ofThe Great Gatsby provides a critical social history of America during the Roaring Twenties within its fictional narrative.
Zelda Sayre in Fitzgerald was commissioned a second lieutenant in the infantry and assigned to Camp Sheridan outside of Montgomery, Alabama. Sayre and the "golden girl", in Fitzgerald's terms, of Montgomery society. The war ended inbefore Fitzgerald was ever deployed.
Upon his discharge he moved to New York City hoping to launch a career in advertising that would be lucrative enough to persuade Zelda to marry him.
He worked for the Barron Collier advertising agency, living in a single room at Claremont Avenue in the Morningside Heights neighborhood on Manhattan's west side.
Zelda accepted his marriage proposal, but after some time and despite working at an advertising firm and writing short stories, he was unable to convince her that he would be able to support her, leading her to break off the engagement. Paul, to revise The Romantic Egotist, recast as This Side of Paradisea semi-autobiographical account of Fitzgerald's undergraduate years at Princeton.
They resumed their engagement and were married at St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York. Scott Fitzgerald in Paris in the s proved the most influential decade of Fitzgerald's development.
Fitzgerald made several excursions to Europe, mostly Paris and the French Rivieraand became friends with many members of the American expatriate community in Paris, notably Ernest Hemingway.
Fitzgerald's friendship with Hemingway was quite effusive, as many of Fitzgerald's relationships would prove to be. Hemingway did not get on well with Zelda, however, and in addition to describing her as "insane" in his memoir A Moveable Feast Hemingway claimed that Zelda "encouraged her husband to drink so as to distract Fitzgerald from his work on his novel",   so he could work on the short stories he sold to magazines to help support their lifestyle.
Like most professional authors at the time, Fitzgerald supplemented his income by writing short stories for such magazines as The Saturday Evening PostCollier's Weeklyand Esquireand sold his stories and novels to Hollywood studios. This "whoring", as Fitzgerald and, subsequently, Hemingway called these sales,  was a sore point in the two authors' friendship.
Fitzgerald claimed that he would first write his stories in an 'authentic' manner, then rewrite them to put in the "twists that made them into salable magazine stories. This issue from May 1,containing the short story " Bernice Bobs Her Hair ", was the first with Fitzgerald's name on the cover.
Although Fitzgerald's passion lay in writing novels, only his first novel sold well enough to support the opulent lifestyle that he and Zelda adopted as New York celebrities. The Great Gatsby, now considered to be his masterpiece, did not become popular until after Fitzgerald's death.
Because of this lifestyle, as well as the bills from Zelda's medical care when they came, Fitzgerald was constantly in financial trouble and often required loans from his literary agent, Harold Oberand his editor at Scribner's, Maxwell Perkins.
When Ober decided not to continue advancing money to Fitzgerald, the author severed ties with his longtime friend and agent.
Fitzgerald offered a good-hearted and apologetic tribute to this support in the late short story "Financing Finnegan". Fitzgerald began working on his fourth novel during the late s but was sidetracked by financial difficulties that necessitated his writing commercial short stories, and by the schizophrenia that struck Zelda in Her emotional health remained fragile for the rest of her life.
The book went through many versions, the first of which was to be a story of matricide. Some critics have seen the book as a thinly veiled autobiographical novel recounting Fitzgerald's problems with his wife, the corrosive effects of wealth and a decadent lifestyle, his own egoism and self-confidence, and his continuing alcoholism.
Indeed, Fitzgerald was extremely protective of his "material" i. When Zelda wrote and sent to Scribner's her own fictional version of their lives in Europe, Save Me the WaltzFitzgerald was angry and was able to make some changes prior to the novel's publication, and convince her doctors to keep her from writing any more about what he called his "material", which included their relationship.
His book was finally published in as Tender Is the Night. Critics who had waited nine years for the followup to The Great Gatsby had mixed opinions about the novel. Most were thrown off by its three-part structure and many felt that Fitzgerald had not lived up to their expectations.
He was hospitalized nine times at Johns Hopkins Hospital, and his friend H. Mencken noted in a letter that "The case of F. Scott Fitzgerald has become distressing. He is boozing in a wild manner and has become a nuisance. Scott and Zelda moved into a studio-owned bungalow in January of the following year and Fitzgerald soon met and began an affair with Lois Moran.
The starlet became a temporary muse for the author and he rewrote Rosemary Hoyt, one of the central characters in Tender is the Night, who had been a male in earlier drafts to closely mirror her. The trip exacerbated the couple's marital difficulties, and they left Hollywood after two months.
His only screenplay credit is for Three Comrades film. He also spent time during this period working on his fifth and final novel, The Love of the Last Tycoonpublished posthumously as The Last Tycoon, based on film executive Irving Thalberg. InMGM terminated the contract, and Fitzgerald became a freelance screenwriter.
Illness and death[ edit ] Fitzgerald, an alcoholic since college, became notorious during the s for his extraordinarily heavy drinking which would undermine his health by the late s.Afterward, The Great Gatsby became a staple of American English literature high school courses, in part due to its relative brevity and because it is a fairly inoffensive book.
Its stature has. Watch video · F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Death. F. Scott Fitzgerald died of a heart attack on December 21, , at the age of 44, in Hollywood, California. Among the attendees at a visitation held at a funeral home was Dorothy Parker, who reportedly cried and murmured "the poor son-of-a-bitch", a line from Jay Gatsby's funeral in Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby.
Fitzgerald's materpieces include The Beautiful and the Damned, The Great Gatsby, and Tender Is the Night. He died at the age of forty-four while working on The Last Tycoon.
Fitzgerald's fiction has secured his reputation as one of the most important American writers of the twentieth urbanagricultureinitiative.coms: K.
The Great Gatsby is a novel written by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald that follows a cast of characters living in the fictional towns of West Egg and East Egg . September 24, marks the birth date of F. Scott Fitzgerald, one of the foremost twentieth century American writers.
Born in St. Paul, Minnesota, young Scott was christened Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald, in honor of his second cousin three times removed, Francis Scott Key, the author of the National Anthem.